RoHS - Restriction of Hazardous Substances

Friday, October 21, 2022

11:00 AM PDT | 02:00 PM EDT

60 Minutes
Kenneth Zabel 
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Why is RoHS compliance important? The restricted materials are hazardous to the environment and pollute landfills, and are dangerous in terms of occupational exposure during manufacturing and recycling. Portable RoHS analyzers, also known as X-ray fluorescence or XRF metal analyzers, are used for screening and verification of restricted metals. With the advent of RoHS 3 and the four added phthalates, different testing is needed to ascertain levels of these compounds, which are extracted with a solvent.

RoHS 2 is also a CE-marking directive, with RoHS compliance now being required for the CE marking of products. As such, all manufacturers of electrical/electronic products must comply with RoHS 2 before the CE mark can be applied to their products.

RoHS 1 required that any product in scope should not contain any of the 6 restricted substances and that the company (manufacturer, importer, or distributor) placing the product on the EU market should maintain records to show compliance. RoHS 2 requires additional compliance recordkeeping from everyone in the supply chain. Additional compliance recordkeeping (which must be kept for 10 years) can include a conformity assessment, CE marking, maintenance of compliance throughout production, and self-reporting of non-compliance.

Why you should Attend:
RoHS 1: Directive 2002/95/EC
The first six substances were restricted in the initial version of the RoHS Directive, with a permitted threshold of up to 1,000 ppm - 0.1 percent (with the exception of cadmium, which is restricted to 100 ppm - 0.01 percent) at the homogeneous material level, meaning that products containing any of the listed substances over that threshold could not be placed on the European market unless they took advantage of one of the very specific exempted applications.

RoHS 2: Directive 2011/65/EU
In 2013 the original version of the RoHS Directive was revoked and replaced by a recast (known as RoHS 2), which contained expanded lists of the exemptions, the need for technical files, and the use of the Conformité Européene (CE) marking to demonstrate compliance, as well as other new requirements for businesses. This version, while amended in later years, remains the current version of the RoHS Directive companies must demonstrate compliance with.

RoHS 3: Directive 2015/863
The four phthalates (the last four substances on the restricted list) were added in 2015 and took effect from July 22, 2019. This amendment is sometimes mistakenly referred to as RoHS 3; 2015/863 is actually an amendment to RoHS 2 (Directive 2011/65/EU) rather than a standalone Directive.

Will, there be a "RoHS 4"...are there additional substances that will be restricted in the future?

Areas Covered in the Session:
Ten substances are currently restricted under the EU RoHS Directive. They are:

  • Cadmium (Cd) - 0.01% (100 ppm)
The remaining nine substances are limited to 0.1% (1,000 ppm):
  • Lead (Pb)
  • Mercury (Hg)
  • Hexavalent chromium (chromium VI, Cr+6)
  • Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB)
  • Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE)
  • Bis(2-Ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP)
  • Benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP)
  • Dibutyl phthalate (DBP)
  • Diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP)

Who Will Benefit:
  • Sales Managers
  • Environmental Compliance Engineers

Speaker Profile
Kenneth Zabel began his career in quality management working for global product certification agencies. After working for NSF International for ten years, he managed certification programs at ETL Semko (Intertek) and CSA International (Canadian Standards Association). Ken has trained certification engineers and auditors across North America and in the U.K., Sweden, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy, Spain, China, and South Korea. He has conducted workshops in Dubai for governmental administrators from Saudi Arabia on the benefits of, and how to implement programs compliant with ISO 9001:2015.

Ken’s SMETA and social compliance auditing began in 2017 for Asia Inspection (today QIMA). As a contractor, he has also conducted audits for ELEVATE, SGS North America, Intertek, Bureau Veritas, and UL-STR (Underwriter’s Laboratories).

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